Simulation of full-scale seismic-resistant structural frame tests using LS-DYNA 960 Implicit Solver

This paper focuses on the finite element simulation of two full-scale tests of high performance, seismic-resistant structural frames using the LS-DYNA 960 implicit solver. The frame was physically tested as part of the design validation for the new Stanley Hall building on the University of California Berkeley Campus. The pseudo static non-linear analyses, showed excellent correlation with the measured test data. Two sequential tests were performed on the same frame but with different brace configurations, hence residual stresses and strains, and the process of brace replacement were important. This work illustrates the convenience of implicit LS-DYNA for structural applications – transferring this technology to the built environment. It also provides confidence in and verification of the software. The construction industry tends to shun non-linear analyses, deeming them too complicated; however it is ideal and indeed, essential for seismic applications. This simulation provides an alternative approach to full-scale testing for the future evaluation of this type of structure. It also provides the opportunity for the development of new and improved structural details as well as the retrofit assessment for existing structures.